Professor Vilsbøll has been involved in diabetes research since 1997, and in 2004 she established the Center for Diabetes Research at Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Her research is focused on the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (with a specific focus on insulin, glucagon and incretin hormones), obesity, regulation of appetite and food intake, and the utilisation of incretins as therapeutics. Integration of the gut in the understanding of human glucose metabolism has become a major focus in her lab over recent years. Professor Vilsbøll is an experienced teacher and supervises several PhD and medical students conducting diabetes research in her research lab. She has more than 250 scientific publications (H-index 53) and several published book chapters. Professor Vilsbøll is a frequently invited speaker at national and international meetings. In addition to her teaching and research posts, Professor Vilsbøll is a member of numerous professional societies and committees, and referees for several international journals.